Learning first aid is essential as it could help save a life. Among the many lessons taught on first aid is how to deal with a person with asthma at home. Like all diseases and conditions, it is always important to understand the symptoms because it is the first step in mapping out a strategy for an emergency. Recognizing the symptoms will also help us know at what stage we should call an ambulance or seek further medical attention. In this article, we are going to demonstrate on how to deal with a person with asthma attack at home.
Understand what asthma is
Look out for the main signs of asthma. The major symptoms of asthma include difficulty in breathing. This is due to the airways inflaming which then causes the muscles in the surrounding to tighten. As a result of this, the person affected experiences wheezing, coughing, the chest tightens and the inability for air to move out of the chest.
The second symptom of asthma is having a gray, or blue tongue, lips or fingers. Lastly is difficulty In speaking and performing simple activities.
what to do during an asthma attack
Since this is an emergency, the following should be done:
- Stay calm and focused – This helps the affected person that you are there for them. The situation may be made worse if they realize that you have panicked.
- Assist them to sit up properly – This will help the affected person to breathe properly. By sitting properly, the respiratory tract is unobstructed.
- Identify the possible triggers and remove them from the surrounding. The asthma trigger could be things like smoke, feathers, dust, pollen, cold weather, mold, etc. In the event that you do not understand what triggers their asthmatic attack, there is no harm in asking them. This will include properly cleaning the environment to reduce the triggers. Removing the carpets, using a mop and vacuum.
- Follow their emergency plan – An emergency plan, in this case, includes inhalers and use of other agents that help in anti-inflammation. If the person is unable to communicate, read the instructions on the labels to determine the dosage and any other instructions.
If the attack becomes severe
Some symptoms may point to the attack becoming severe. These symptoms include the sucking of the skin between the ribs and around the neck, the lips having a bluish discoloration and there is no improvement in breathing even after using the inhaler. In case of symptoms that keep worsening, ask them about their plan. Ideally, you should call an ambulance when there are signs of the chest tightening.
In conclusion, when the steps taken when dealing with an an asthmatic attack at home have worked, the affected person should be encouraged to visit his or her doctor for further treatment or changes in the current treatment.